Fomalhaut aka Imset, one of the four Royal Stars, is rising in the South!
Fomalhaut b, also known as Dagon, is a confirmed,directly imaged extrasolar object and candidate planet orbiting the A-type main-sequence star Fomalhaut, approximately 25 light-years away in the constellation of Piscis Austrinus. The object was initially announced in 2008 and confirmed as real in 2012 from images taken with the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) on the Hubble Space Telescope and, according to calculations reported in January 2013, has a 1,700-year, highly elliptical orbit. It has a periastron of 7.4 billion km (~50 AU) and an apastron of about 44 billion km (~300 AU). As of May 25, 2013 it is 110 AU from its parent star.
Etymology and cultural significance
Fomalhaut has had various names ascribed to it through time and has been recognized by many cultures of the northern hemisphere, including the Arabs, Persians and Chinese. It marked the solstice in 2500 BC. It was also a marker for the worship of Demeter in Eleusis.
It was called Hastorang by the Persians, one of the four “royal stars“.
The Latin names are ōs piscis merīdiāni, ōs piscis merīdionālis, ōs piscis notii “the mouth of the Southern Fish”.
The name Difda al Auwel comes from the colloquial Arabic الضفدع الأول aḍ-ḍifdiˤ al-’awwal “the first frog” (the second frog is Beta Ceti).
The Chinese name 北落師門/北落师门 (Mandarin: Běiluòshīmén) meaning North Gate of the Military Camp, because this star is marking itself and stand alone in North Gate of the Military Camp asterism, Encampment mansion (see : Chinese constellation). 北落师门 (Běiluòshīmén) westernized into Pi Lo Sze Mun in R.H. Allen’s work.
To the Moporr Aboriginal people of South Australia, it is a masculine being called Buunjill. The Wardaman people of the Northern Territory called Fomalhaut Menggen —white cockatoo.
Fomalhaut/Earthwork B in Mounds State Park near Anderson, Indiana, lines up with the rising of the star Fomalhaut in the fall months, according to the Indiana Department of Natural Resources. In 1980, astronomer Jack Robinson proposed that the rising azimuth of Fomalhaut was marked by cairn placements at both the Bighorn and Moose Mountain Medicine Wheels in Wyoming, USA and Saskatchewan, Canada, respectively.
The New Scientist magazine termed it the “Great Eye of Sauron” due to its shape and debris ring, when viewed from a distance, bearing similarity to the aforementioned “Eye” in the Peter Jackson Lord of the Rings films.
In Walter Tevis’ novel Steps of the Sun, Fomalhaut is visited by the protagonist and two potentially inhabitable planets are found (and described). Parts of Philip K Dick’s novel Lies, Inc (originally titled The Unteleported Man) are set on the fictional planet Fomalhaut IX. Ursula K. Le Guin’s first novel Rocannon’s World is also set on a fictional planet in the Fomalhaut system.
[In astrology, the Royal Stars of Persia are Aldebaran, Regulus, Antares and Fomalhaut. They were regarded as the guardians of the sky in approximately 3000 BCE during the time of the Ancient Persians in the area of modern-day Iran. The Persians believed that the sky was divided into four districts with each district being guarded by one of the four Royal Stars. The stars were believed to hold both good and evil power and the Persians looked upon them for guidance in scientific calculations of the sky, such as the calendar and lunar/solar cycles, and for predictions about the future.
“In Egyptian mythology, Imset (also transcribed Imseti, Amset, Amsety, Mesti, and Mesta) is a funerary deity, one of the Four sons of Horus, who are associated with the canopic jars, specifically the one that contained the liver. Unlike his brothers, Imset is not associated with any animal and is always depicted as human. Isis is considered his protector, and is himself considered patron of the direction of the south.
Spectacular dust ring surrounds ‘whale’s mouth’ star
Astronomers at the University of California, Berkeley, and NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center have released a rather remarkable Hubble image of a ring of dust around star Fomalhaut, described by New Scientist as resembling “the Great Eye of Sauron”.
Google search: 10/30
Two Suns In The Sky
“NASA have now confirmed a planet located 25 light years away. Just as implied by Nibiru conspiracy theories the planet, named Formalhaut b and three times the mass of Jupiter, is surrounded by a gigantic dust cloud which is the reason for it not showing up using infra-red imaging. Formalhaut b was actually discovered in 2008 but scientists were skeptical due to the fact that the planet didn’t leave an infra-red signature and that the planet’s orbit was too fast – they therefore claimed that it was a dust cloud.” …
“Quick! Name the widest double star in the sky. If you chose Alpha Centauri and its faint, distant companion Proxima (separation 2.2°), you would have been correct … prior to 2013. That year, Eric Mamajek (University of Rochester) and his colleagues announced the discovery of Fomalhaut C, a companion star located a whopping 5.7° northwest of Fomalhaut (Alpha Piscis Austrini) in a different constellation, Aquarius. ” …
Fomalhaut is a star in the Southern Hemisphere in the constellation Piscis Austrinus. At least one planet orbits this bright star: Fomalhaut b, which was dubbed a “zombie” planet by NASA after its 2005 discovery was debunked as gas, and then proven again in 2012.